PHILIPP GOTTLIEB GLIED (1842-1914)
THE SIXTH GENERATION-GLIED
HANNE FRIEDERIKE PÖPPELMEIER (1851-1930)
THE THIRD GENERATION-PÖPPELMEIER
The year is now 1842, and Frederick William IV was in the second year of his reign as the King of Prussia. Frederick William IV promoted the arts and sciences giving little attention to correcting the political injustices which abounded, leading towards the 1848 revolution.1 It was a time the majority of the German people were dissatisfied and repressed. The industrialization of Germany was well under way. In the cities, the German factory owners were in fierce competition with foreign companies. In order to make a profit, the factory owners paid substandard wages, forcing women and children into the work force. The situation became so bad that the factory owners forced their workers to accept their meager salaries in the form of products sold by their employers, resulting in wages being paid in some instances with rotten produce such as potatoes. The working conditions were grim and in some cases inhuman. It was common for the workers to work fifteen or more hours a day. Not only was it difficult for the adults, but even young children. A law was enacted in 1839 that prevented children under nine to work in mines or factories. The children's work day also began early and could last as long as fourteen hours a day, six days a week.2 The German people living in the rural areas didn't fare much better. Beginning in 1838, the price of linen fell sharply while the price of grain began to soar. A Heürling was also paid a substandard wage of perhaps 2 or 3 Thalers per month. So the majority of the Heürlings supplemented their meager incomes with the spinning and weaving of home grown flax. When the price for their linen fell, their income also declined leading to further hardships.3 Even though the people were not involved in a war, the times were difficult, leading to the revolt of the people in 1848. It was during this difficult period that our ancestor, (#277) Philipp GottliebG6 Glied was born. Philipp GottliebG6 was the great, great, great grandson of EberdtG1 Glied; the great, great grandson of JobstG2 Glied; the great grandson of Albert HenrichG3 Glied; the grandson of Albert HenrichG4 Glied; and the son of Johann HermannG5 Glied. The setting for this chapter begins in the modern day state of Nordrhein/Westfalen, Germany near Herford and ends in Missouri. Gottlieb's surname was spelled Glied in the German Church Records, but after he emigrated to America, his surname was usually spelled Gliedt. Following his arrival in America, his surname in this story will be spelled Gliedt and any variations of the spelling will be listed in the endnotes.
277. PHILIPP GOTTLIEBG6 GLIED (Eberdt,G1 Jobst,G2 Albert Henrich,G3 Albert HenrichG4 ), the second child of the Heürling, Johann Hermann HenrichG5 and Anne Margarethe Ilsabein Glied nee Steffen, was born at 5 A.M. on 18 Apr 1842 at Bauerschaft Altstädt #60, located about four Km. south of Herford, Westfalen, Germany and was baptized on 20 Apr 1842 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford. He was named after his uncle and sponsor, Gottlieb Philipp Steffen of Enger.4 Philipp Gottlieb was known as Gottlieb, which means "love of God".5 No diaries or letters have been found which might give us a clue to Gottlieb's childhood or teenage years. It is probably safe to assume that Gottlieb began to work as soon as he was able. It is unknown if he received any formal schooling.6 He grew up in this locale and as a teenager received instruction in the Evangelisch Lutheran Confession. Gottlieb was fourteen years old when he was confirmed by Pastor Rauschenbusch on 13 Apr 1856 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.7
The 1900 U.S. Census states that Gottlieb came to America in 1865. If this year is correct, then Gottlieb arrived in St. Louis shortly after the end of the Civil War. According to family tradition, Gottlieb was a stow-away on a boat which came to America. So far, a search of the Ships Passenger Arrival Lists for 1864-1867 through the ports of New Orleans, New York and other ports on the Gulf and Eastern coast has provided no evidence of his arrival in America, nor has a search of the printed emigration lists for Münster or Lippe areas of Germany. Even though a person desiring to leave Germany were required to post a notice in his hometown informing his neighbors of his departure so that his debts were settled and get official permission from the pastor, the tax office, district officers and the military authority, not all followed the rules. Instead, they just up and left illegally. Thousands of emigrants left this way and it's likely that Gottlieb was one of the emigrants who just up and left without permission. He probably traveled from the port of Bremen to New Orleans on a sailing vessel and continued on to St. Louis, MO. When he left Germany, Gottlieb probably knew what to expect in America from his Pöppelmeier relatives who lived in Franklin Co., MO. It is possible that his father, Hermann, sent him on ahead to find a place for the rest of the family to live and to help earn some money so that they too could come to America. At this time, there is no information as to the exact day when he came to America, what kind of work he did, or where he first lived.
When Gottlieb arrived in Missouri, St. Louis was still recovering from the effects of the Civil War. Because of the Civil War, the frontier and the Santa Fe Trail ceased to existed. The days of fur trading and of the steamboats were numbered. Railroads were becoming the means of transportation, opening up new areas. Slave labor was replaced by tenant farmers. After the war, industry grew and foreign laborers were encouraged to settle in St. Louis. As a result of the increase of the foreign laborers into the job market, the wages paid fell. While income fell, the cost of living increased.8
Figure 0: Maps of St. Louis Couty, MO. [Ed.]
Gottlieb eventually settled on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. His parents, Hermann and Anne, and his siblings, Heinrich and Justine, arrived in America on 22 Oct 1866,9 and by Feb of 1867,10 had also settled on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township. When they left their home in Germany, they left a cholera epidemic which resulted in the deaths of over 120,000 people.11 Upon their arrival in St. Louis, they learned that a cholera epidemic had also broken out in St. Louis which resulted in many deaths.12 The Columbia Bottom was the flat, fertile river bottom land where the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers merge. A trip today on the Columbia Bottom Road gives a glimpse of what the land was like when Gottlieb lived there. Even though the farm house where Gottlieb and his wife first lived, and the Evangelisch St. Petri Church no longer stand, the land remains. It's flat, with a few trees scattered here and there. The rich soil is still under cultivation today. When Gottlieb arrived in this locale about 125 years ago, he found a German settlement. Here he found other people with whom he could communicate with and share a common heritage.
Figure 1: St Petri Evangelical Church, Columbia Bottom, MO. Photo courtesy of St. Peters Ev. Lutheran Church, St. Louis, MO.
Gottlieb also found a German Evangelisch Church in this community. As early as 1859, the German farmers who settled on the Columbia Bottom gathered together for worship services in their homes as the Evangelisch (Salem) Church of Black Jack was a long ride away. In 1861, St. Petri Evangelisch Church was organized and the first church was erected in 1863. Heinrich Penningroth donated the site, along with limestone from his quarry, and $1,000 for the construction of the church.13 Gottlieb found the small limestone church on the Columbia Bottom Road. The church was on 1.112 acres in Survey 329, Township 47, Range 7, bounded on the North by Penningroth, East by Penningroth, South by Penningroth and on the West by the Columbia Bottom Road.14 It had been built in the Gothic-style of architecture. It had pointed Gothic arches over the doors and windows. When Gottlieb entered the church, he saw another pointed Gothic arch over the apse where the hand carved wooden altar stood. The altar had an oil painting of Christ holding a lamb. On either side of the center aisle were pews which held ten people each. The first church services were conducted by C. A. Mennicke, a student at Concordia Seminary. The church did not have a resident pastor until 1870.15 So when Gottlieb and his fiancee wanted to marry in 1869, they had to go to the Evangelisch (Salem) Church in Black Jack, which was located about five miles west of the Columbia Bottom. On the last Sunday in the month of Nov of 1869, Gottlieb and his fiancee, Hanne Pöppelmeier, traveled probably by horse and wagon to Black Jack, the thriving German community which grew up around three very large Black Jack oak trees located at the intersection of Old Hall's Ferry and Parker Roads in St. Louis Co.16 The German Evangelisch (Salem) Church was located on Parker Road west of it's intersection of Old Hall's Ferry Road. Hanne Friederike Pöppelmeier was a first cousin to Philipp Gottlieb Gliedt. There common ancestor was Albert HenrichG4 Glied. Hanne was the granddaughter of BernhardG1 Pöppelmeier, and the daughter of Hermann HeinrichG2 Pöppelmeier and his wife, Anne Catharine IlsabeinG5 Pöppelmeier nee Glied. She was also the great, great, great granddaughter of EberdtG1 Glied; the great, great granddaughter of JobstG2 Glied; the great grandaughter of Albert HenrichG3 Glied; and the grandaughter of Albert HenrichG4 Glied.
Figure 2: Philipp Gottlieb and Hanne Friederike Gliedt nee Poeppelmeier. Photo courtesy of Martha Kaiser, Cole Camp, MO.
On 28 Nov 1869, Philipp GottliebG6 Gliedt (#1253) HANNE FRIEDERIKEG3 PÖPPELMEIER. They were married by the Reverend H. J. Schwensen, Pastor of the Evangelisch (Salem) Church at Black Jack. The marriage ceremony was performed at the pastor's home in Black Jack. Their witnesses were Gottlieb's father, Hermann Gliedt, and Hanne's parents. Gottlieb was 27 years, 7 months, and 10 days old, and Hanne was 18 years, 6 months, and 18 days old when they married.17 Hanne was also known as Hanna and Johanna. Whether or not this was an arranged marriage is not known.
1253. HANNE FRIEDERIKEG3 PÖPPELMEIER (BernhardG1 ) (GliedG6 : Eberdt,G1 Jobst,G2 Albert Henrich,G3 Albert HenrichG4 ), the daughter of the Erbpächter, Hermann HeinrichG2 and (#179) Anne Catharine IlsabeinG5 Pöppelmeier nee Glied, was born at 11 P.M. on 10 May 1851 at Ahmsen, Lippe, Germany which is a small Bauerschaft (farm community) located near Herford. She was baptized by Pastor Bosse on 18 May 1851 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford. Her sponsors were A. C. Pöppelmeier of Laer and H. C. Holtmann of Diebrock.18 She was confirmed by Pastor Bosse on 23 Apr 1865 at the age of 14 years at the same Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.19 Hanne came to America in the summer of 1867 with her parents and five brothers and sisters on the SS Dorette, arriving in New Orleans in Nov of 1867.20 She is also known as Johanna. See Chapter Twenty-one, entry #1253.
By 1870, the population of St. Louis had surpassed 310,000.21 Here was a ready market for home grown produce. Gottlieb found that he could not afford to buy any land on the Columbia Bottom since the fertile river bottom land was so expensive. So he rented land and raised fruits and vegetables which he sold in the city of St. Louis. After their marriage, Gottlieb and Hanne made their first home on Mrs. Esther Landon's 80 acre farm which was located in Township (47), Range (7), of St. Ferdinand Township bounded on the North by the Missouri River, the East by Wise's land, the South by the Survey Line and on the East by Benne's land. The St. Louis Co. Tax Books for the year of 1869, listed Gottlieb as Henry Glied. He was living on the Landon's farm located in St. Ferdinand Township. His personal estate was valued at $200.22 Sometime in 1870, Gottlieb and Hanne moved to a house on the Columbia Bottom Road which was located on land owned by George Brunner. Gottlieb and Hanne shared their home on the Columbia Bottom with Gottlieb's parents and his sister, Justine. This is where Julius Nolte, the 1870 census enumerator, located the Glied family on 4 Jun 1870. The household consisted of Henry, a 28 years old farmer with real estate valued at $600, Hannah, age 19; Herman, age 59; Maria, age 57; and Justine, an 18 year old nurse.23 Gottlieb and Henry appear to be the same person for the following reasons. The 1870 census listed Henry as being 28 years old and born in Prussia. His age indicates that he was born in 1842, which was the year that Gottlieb was born. Henry was married to a woman named Hannah, age 19, who was born in Prussia. Gottlieb was married by 1870 to Hanne, who was born in 1851 in Prussia. The Evangelisch Church records for St. Petri listed Heinrich Gliedt and Johanna nee Pöppelmeier as the parents of the twins, Carl Friedrich and Heinrich Wilhelm, who were born in Sep of 1882, and of Paul Georg Wilhelm, who was born in Feb of 1884. In 1876, it was Gottlieb who bought the George Brunner farm. Nothing was found in any records to indicate why Gottlieb was called Henry. When Henry (Gottlieb) Glied received his tax bill in 1870, he was living on the George Brunner farm. George Brunner had 80 acres of land located in survey 1840 of Township 47, Range 7, bounded on the North by the Survey line, East by Penningroth land, South by St. Vrain's land, and on the West by Bindley's land.24 This house was closer to St. Petri Evangelisch Church. It is probably here that Hanne gave birth to her first child. According to family tradition, Hanne's first child was a boy, whom they named Emil. He apparently died shortly after his birth ca. 1869-1871.25 Gottlieb and Hanne continued to rent land from the Brunners until 1876, and became friends with them. When Hanne gave birth to her daughter, Auguste, in 1872, Gottlieb and Hanne asked Kath Brunner to be one of her sponsors.26
In 1873, there was a financial panic in St. Louis.27 There is no way to know how this economic depression affected Gottlieb and Hanne. Nor are there any family stories, diaries or letters describing their lives during this time period. Apparently Gottlieb was well thought of by Robert Thompson and Wilhelm Knoetzel. In 1873, Robert Thompson asked Gottlieb to be a sponsor to his son, Wilhelm Heinrich Friedrich Thompson,28 and in 1874, Wilhelm Knoetzel asked Gottlieb to be a sponsor to his son, Hermann George Heinrich Knoetzel.29
During 1874, the Eads Bridge and the first Union Station were completed. With the completion of the Eads Bridge, trains from the East could now enter the city of St. Louis. This bridge now linked St. Louis industries with Illinois which had coal and inexpensive building sites.30 Gottlieb's 1874 Tax Bill was $3.51 and his personal estate was valued at $430.31 It's very likely that Gottlieb profited from the opening of the bridge. When Gottlieb received his 1875 Tax bill for $7.33, his personal estate was valued at $740.32 By the time, Gottlieb received his $7.93 tax bill in 1876, his personal estate had increased to $860.33
By Feb of 1876, Gottlieb's landlord, George Brunner had died. His widow, Elizabeth Brunner decided to sell her farm. Gottlieb was interested in buying the Brunner farm. So Elizabeth Brunner sold her farm to Gottlieb and Hanne. On 25 Feb 1876, a deed was made between Elizabeth Brunner, Executrix of the Estate of George Brunner, party of the first part and Gottlieb P. Gliedt of St. Louis, Missouri party of the second part, "that the said party of the first part, for and in consideration of seven thousand dollars to her paid by the said party of the second part the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, do by these presents grant, bargain and sell, convey and confirm unto the said party of the second part the following described tract or parcel of land situated in the county of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri to wit: A certain tract of land in Township 47, North of Range 7 East, in the county aforesaid, Beginning at a stone in the North line of survey 1840, from which a red oak ten inches diameter bears North 66 degrees West, distant 23 links, and a white oak twelve inches diameter bear North 4 degrees West, distant 41 links, thence South 82 degrees East 88 chains and 58 links, more or less, to a set post, being the Northwest corner of Emma De Lamier's land, thence South 7 degrees west, 9 chains and 12 links to a point, thence North 83 degrees West 88 chains and 58 links, more or less to a point, thence North 7 degrees East nine chains and 12 links to the place of beginning, containing eighty 90/100ths acres; bounded north by U.S. Survey 329, East by Emma De Lamier's land, South by Benedict St. Vrain's land and West by Wilson H. Larimore's land; being the property conveyed by deed of Fredrich Sangrain to George Brunner and Elizabeth Brunner. To have and to hold the same together with all rights immunities, privileges and appurtenances to the same belonging, unto the said party of the second part and to his heirs and assign forever, the said Elizabeth Brunner, Executrix of the Estate of George Brunner, hereby convenanting that her heirs, executors and administrators shall and will warrant and defend the title to the premises unto the said party of the second part and to his heirs and assigns forever, against the lawful claims of all persons whomsoever."34
Unfortunately, Gottlieb and Hanne were unable to keep their farm. After only one year, Gottlieb and Hanne signed the deed to their farm back to Elizabeth Brunner. On 3 Feb 1877, a deed was made between Gottlieb P. Gliedt and Anna Hannah Fredericka, his wife of the city of St. Louis, parties of the first part and Elizabeth Brunner of the same place, party of the second part witnesseth: "That the said parties of the first part in consideration of one thousand four hundred and eighty-eight dollars to them paid by the said party of the second part the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, do by these presents, release and forever lay claim unto the said part of the second part the following described tract of land situated in the county of St. Louis in the state of Missouri to wit".35 The deed goes on to describe the same parcel of land that Gottlieb had bought from Elizabeth Brunner in Feb of 1876. 1877 was also the year that the railroad went on strike which caused serious repercussions on the city of St. Louis.36 It's possible that the railroad strike effected Gottlieb's income and caused them to lose the farm. Even though Gottlieb and Hanne sold the farm after only a year, they continued to live on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township.
By 1880, the population of St. Louis exceeded 350,000 and there were over 600 telephones in use, even though telephone service began in St. Louis two years earlier with 12 subscribers.37 When the 1880 U.S. Census was taken of St. Ferdinand Township on 4 Jun 1880, Gottlieb and Hanne were no longer sharing their home with Gottlieb's parents. Gottlieb was listed as a 38 year old farmer, who was the head of his own household which included Johanne, his 29 year old wife; 8 year old daughter, Auguste; and 6 year old son, Heinrich. Gottlieb had four men working for him as farm laborers.38 1880 was also the year that Pastor Zimmermann was installed at St. Petri replacing Pastor Fackler who had served at St. Petri since 1871.39
It was very hot and humid living so close to the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers in the summertime. The mosquitoes thrived here and spread diseases. Gottlieb's family suffered through a lot of illness while they lived along the river banks on the Columbia Bottom. Gottlieb and Hanne were apparently content living on the Columbia Bottom for most of the time, even though they faced floods, crop failures and illness. If they had not been fairly content here, they probably wouldn't have lived there for sixteen years. It was very important to Hanne to maintain their old German ways and language. Living on the Columbia Bottom in the German community, Hanne could continue to observe the old German ways. Hanne was kept busy taking care of their home and children. Gottlieb and Hanne attended the worship services at St. Petri's on a regular basis and had their children baptized there. St. Petri was the center of the religious and social life of the German community on the Columbia Bottom. During her lifetime, Hanne gave birth to fifteen children, which included three sets of twins. Eleven of the children, including two sets of twins, were born while they were living on the Columbia Bottom and the remaining four children, including one set of twins, were born after they moved to Freistatt Township. Of the fifteen children, eleven survived to adulthood.
Their house was small for the number of people living there. The older girls helped the younger ones as needed, while the older boys helped their father with the farm chores. Auguste Kaiser nee Gliedt told this story to Martha Kaiser, "The kitchen in their home had no ceiling, but one could see the rafters and there were big nails driven in the rafters. They were a big family and all sized. After they had finished a meal, the chairs were hung on the nails, mainly to have them out of the way and so the smaller children couldn't try to climb on them and fall off." Martha Kaiser writes, "I can't imagine how Grandma ever got things done as she had three sets of twins and most of them were about two years apart. How she had enough to nurse them, especially twins. God surely gave her a strong body as she had fourteen children (15th child stillborn). The washing she had. There were very few washing machines then, also to have clothes for them all. I wonder did they have sewing machines?" "I can see why Auguste didn't want a family of her own. She once said she carried a little one on each hip many a time. She didn't want to get married but Grandma said you have to. One thing I learned was that Grandma was pretty much was the boss and Grandpa seemed to be more a quiet type and didn't say much. I have often wished I could have been an unseen guest in that home for one day just to see how she managed."
In 1886 Gottlieb and Hanne became discontented with living on the Columbia Bottom. There's no way to know what caused Gottlieb and Hanne to move after living on the Columbia Bottom for sixteen years. It's possible that the deciding factor for Gottlieb and Hanne to move away from their home on Columbia Bottom was the death of their infant son, Gustav, on 18 Aug 1886. Perhaps they wanted to find a healthier place in which to raise their children. 1886 was also the year that southwestern railroads entering St. Louis went on strike.40 Hanne had a sister named Justine, who was married to Friedrich Breder. Justine and Fredrich Breder originally lived in Franklin Co., MO, but sometime before Nov of 1885 they moved to Lawrence Co., MO. Gottlieb and Hanne probably heard from Justine Breder about land being available in Lawrence Co., MO. Apparently what Gottlieb and Hanne heard about the German community in Lawrence Co., MO sounded like a place they would like to live. They heard about the Evangelical (Trinity) Church and day school located in Freistatt. Hanne was especially taken with the isolation of the German community from the rest of the world. Here was an even better place to maintain their German traditions, language, religion, and culture. After making the decision to move, the family wasted no time. Perhaps for Gottlieb and Hanne, the German community known as Freistatt, lived up to it's name which connotes "a Place of Refuge".41 On 16 Sep 1886, one month after the death of his son, Gustav, Gottlieb Gliedt bought a parcel of land in Lawrence Co., MO, from C. L. Beise. The parcel of land was described as the East half of Southeast quarter of Section (18) and the West half of Southwest quarter and the Southwest quarter of Northwest quarter Section (17)-- all in Township (27), Range (27), Lawrence Co., MO.42 No one recalls how the family made the move from the Columbia Bottom, but they probably travelled to Lawrence Co. by train. By Dec of 1887, Gottlieb and his family were settled in their new home located near the Spring River Northwest of Freistatt, in Lawrence Co., MO. After their move to the Freistatt area, Gottlieb continued farming. Shortly after they settled in their new home, they traveled to Freistatt to attend the worship services at the Evangelical (Trinity) Church. As members of the Evangelical (Trinity) Church, Gottlieb and Hanne could send their school age children (eight years old or older) to the day school.
Freistatt was a growing, thriving community which had a Post Office located in Biermann Brothers General Store. In 1887, Freistatt became the headquarters for the newly organized Farmers Mutual Insurance Company.43 So when Gottlieb and Hanne traveled to town, they could check their mail at Biermann's General Store while shopping for clothing, dry goods, or selling eggs, butter, and chickens.
1887 was also the year that Hanne gave birth to her third set of twins, Martin and Adolph. The family of Gottlieb and Hanne continued to put down roots in the community. Gottlieb and his older sons farmed the land, Hanne and the older girls, canned, sewed, cooked and took care of the family. When each of their children became old enough to go to school, they went to the day school at Freistatt where they were taught in German along with English, or as it was known then as the "American Language". Gottlieb and Hanne continued to speak German at home. On Sundays, they went to church and sometimes they visited with their friends and neighbors. In Jun of 1890, Hanne gave birth to her fourteenth child, Ernst. Two years later, she gave birth to her last child, who was stillborn. Between 1893 and 1900, the first of their children married, left home, and the first of Gottlieb and Hanne's grandchildren were born.
When Wiley Rutledge, the enumerator for the Twelfth U.S. Census, visited the Gliedt farm located in Freistatt Township of Lawrence Co., MO, on 19 Jun 1900, he found that the Gliedt household consisted of Gottlieb, his wife, Hanne, and seven children. At this time, Gottlieb, age 58, was a farmer, who stated that he came to the U.S. in 1865 and was nationalized. He was the head of the household that consisted of his wife, Hannah, age 48, who stated that she came in 1867 to the U.S., and their children: Louise C, age 19; William W., age 17; Fritz, age 17; Paul G., age 16; Martin W., age 12; Otto W., age 12; and Ernest C., age 9. Their sons, William, Fritz and Paul were farmers, while Martin, Otto W., and Ernest were at school.44
During the next decade, there were more changes in Gottlieb and Hanne's family. Four more of their children married and left home between 1900 and 1910. It was also during these years, that Gottlieb bought more land. Shortly before the marriage of his children, Henry and Louise in 1902, Gottlieb decided to purchase a parcel of land from Rudolph Bohnenkamp of Lawrence Co., MO. On 3 Jul 1902, an indenture was made between Rudolph Bohnenkamp and Gottlieb. The parcel of land contained 100 acres more or less and was described as: "The East half of the Northwest quarter of Section (34), Township (27), Range (27), and the South half of the Northeast quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section (11), Township (26), Range (27), West of the Fifth Principal Meridian.45 This land transaction was one of several that Gottlieb made over the years.
Figure 3: Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Poeppelmeier, Freistatt, MO circa 1900. Photo courtesy of Melba Schuermann, Kirkwood, MO.
Figure 4: Hanne Friederike Gliedt nee Poeppelmeier, Friestatt, MO circa 1900. Photo courtesy of Melba Schuermann, Kirkwood, MO.
Four years later, on 27 Feb 1906, Gottlieb bought a parcel of land from Henry and Caroline Aufdembrink of Lawrence Co., MO. The parcel consisted of 40 acres more or less and was described as "all of the Northwest quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section (32), Township (27), of Range (27).46 A Deed of Release was filed on 31 Dec 1907 in Lawrence Co., MO stating that Gottlieb and Johanna had paid in full the note on the parcel of land described in Book 46, page 2 and that they were entitled to a full release of the deed of trust.47
Their son, Paul, married Lena Oexemann in Aug of 1909. Within the year, on 11 Mar 1910, Gottlieb and Hanne sold a parcel of land to Paul. The parcel of land contained 80 acres more or less and was described "All the East half of the Northwest quarter of Section (34), Township (27), of Range (27). This warranty deed being witnessed by H. F. Kaiser, Justice of the Peace.48 William L. Howard, the 1910 U.S. Census enumerator for Freistatt Township, visited Gottlieb's farm in Apr of 1910. At this time, Gottlieb was 68 years old and owned his general farm free of mortgage. He was the head of the household that included his wife of 40 years, Johanna now 59 years old, and his sons, Adolph, age 22; Martin, age 22; and Ernest, age 19. His sons were helping their father on the home farm.49
Gottlieb and Hanne sold a parcel of their land to their sons, Adolph and Martin, on 27 Feb 1911. This parcel of land contained 200 acres more or less and was described as: "All the west half of the Southwest quarter and the Southwest quarter of the Northwest quarter in section (17), and the East half of the Southeast quarter of section (18), all in Township (27), Range (27).50
By the fall of 1912, Gottlieb and Hanne heard about some land for sell in Texas. Hanne was all for selling up and moving to Texas, but Gottlieb didn't want to. The more their children heard about the land in Texas, the more interested they became. In the end, a group of men traveled to Texas to see the land. Apparently, the men were convinced to buy farm land in Texas. Martha Kaiser writes, "Grandma was also the one that pushed for them to all go to Texas but there grandpa said No, so after he died, then they did go and really became poor people as some of them hardly had something to eat when they left Texas again." Gottlieb and Hanne watched, as one by one, their children and their families left Freistatt. Their oldest married daughter, Auguste Kaiser, her husband and children, were the first family to leave Freistatt. They moved to Benton Co., MO, in the spring of 1910. About two years later, their married daughter, Anna Kaiser, her husband, and children, also moved to Benton Co., MO. While talk of World War I swept across the country, the Gliedt families were preparing to move. In Jan of 1914, their sons, William, Henry, Adolph, Paul, Martin, C. H. (Christian Herman), Fred, and their son-in-law, H. W. Dönnig, purchased parcels of land in Brazoria Co., TX from C. L. Peirce of Harris Co., TX.
Shortly before Gottlieb's death, Gottlieb and Hanne sold the last of their farm to their son, Ernst, on 27 Mar 1914. This last parcel of land contained 60 acres more or less and was described as: "all the Northwest quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section (32), Township (27), Range (27), and the South half of the Northeast quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section (11), Township (26), Range (27).51
Gottlieb died from an embolism on 7 Jul 1914 at his home located in Freistatt Township, Lawrence Co., MO and was buried on 8 Jul 1914 in the Trinity Lutheran Church Cemetery at Freistatt, MO. Gottlieb was 72 years, 2 months, and 23 days old, at the time of his death.52 Bertha Borchers nee Kaiser wrote, "Grandpa Gliedt had a great big orchard and he had two long rows of grapes and when we were over on Sunday, he would tell us to go and eat all the grapes we wanted to. Boy oh boy, did we eat grapes and they were so nice and big they would just melt in your mouth. Then after that, we went again and then we could go and eat apples. They were good too and he had great big cherry trees. How they ever got them picked, I don't know, but we ate those after they were canned. Grandma always served them in a light green bowl-that bowl would be almost 30 years old. First, Grandma maybe got it as a wedding present, then my mother had it as long as she lived and now I have it. That bowl would be worth a lot of money but this bowl has lots of little cracks in the bottom. Then they are worthless. In the Fall after the first hard frost, we would go down to the branch and eat all the persimmons we wanted too. That's about all I can remember when we went to Grandpa Gliedt."
After Gottlieb's death, Hanne, along with Ernst, traveled to Texas. On 13 Mar 1915, Fred and his wife, Clara, sold 80 acres of land to Ernst Gliedt. Ernst was still single at this time. So Hanne lived with Ernst and kept house for him while they lived in Texas.
After a short stay in Texas, the families became discouraged. They preserved though a hurricane, floods, and many hardships. After the death of her son, Paul, and grandson, Oscar, Hanne and the rest of the families met, and it was decided that the families would move once again. When the families moved away from Texas, Hanne went to live in Cole Camp, Benton Co., MO, with her daughter, Auguste and son-in-law, Ernst Kaiser, and her daughter, Anna, and son-in-law, Leonard Kaiser. When the Fourteenth U.S. Census was taken, Hanne was living with Auguste and Ernst Kaiser on a farm in Benton Co., MO. She was listed as being a 61 year old widow.53
Martha Kaiser writes about "The Dinner Grandma Cooked", "It was in the Springtime when the wild greens that are edible were growing good. Ernst and Auguste Kaiser had gone to St. Louis for a visit, leaving Grandma, Erhart, Arthur, Vera and Alma Kaiser, Anna Gliedt Kaiser's daughter at the home. Alma was there to help grandma. They had gone out and picked a large amount of greens, such as Lambs quarters, something like our spinach, not the thick curly leaf, but the other kind. They usually put in some potatoes and a piece of ham bone to have a little meat and to flavor the greens. Grandma cooked a big pot of it as that was their noon meal. They had a big soup urn and she filled it. Erhart said they emptied it and then Grandma filled it again and she seemed to think they should eat that too. He also said Grandma didn't eat much herself. Erhart wasn't fond of greens in the first place and since they didn't eat hardly any of the second bowl full, grandma got angry. Erhart would never eat even the cooked spinach in later life as he nearly got sick from that time. Those days they didn't have a variety of things to eat at a meal. It was one big pot full of what ever it was, bread, butter and maybe fruit depending the time of the year. The Kaisers' had a big apple orchard so they had a lot of apples and in the fall they would pick them and make a big pile near the house and cover them with straw and some other things to protect them from freezing too much and that way they had fresh apples all winter and into spring. They sold a lot and gave away a lot. Wish we could still raise apples now as they did then. Erhard said Grandma made the best fried apples." Martha writes, "In her last years, Mother Hanne was a small, thin woman and wore a little black bonnet most of the time, even in the house. One of her grandchildren said she made the best coffee cake." Vera Kaiser writes, "Grandmother Hanne Gliedt was a strong, tall, stately woman, fair complexion and black hair and dark eyes. She wore her hair parted in the middle and sometimes braided and neatly pinned in a bun in the back nape of her neck. She always wore black. I never saw her in any other color, except sometimes a dark gray. I don't remember her ever wearing a coat, always a black or dark gray wool shawl, similar to a cape. Her dresses were always ankle length. She was very opinionated. If she thought she was right, she wouldn't back down. She was very defensive of the German heritage. She could not stand the English during World War One. She did not permit or like for any of us to even speak English. My sister sang "Yankee Doodle" and as a three year old girl I picked it up and sat on the back steps and sang "Yankee Doodle". She made my mother stop me. She could also be emotional. When Uncle Ernst would come and see her most often by surprise, she would always cry with joy. She diligently read her Bible everyday." Hanne was living at Auguste's home at the time of her death. Hanne Friederike Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier died on 6 Jul 1930 at Williams Township, Benton Co., MO, and was buried on 9 Jul 1930 in St. John's (a.k.a Cheese Creek) Cemetery located Northwest of Cole Camp in Benton Co., MO. Hanne was 79 years, 1 month and 25 days old at the time of her death. The cause of her death was listed as chronic bronchitis and arteriosclerosis.54
The children of Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier:
284. EMILG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ), the first child of Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier, was born ca. 1869/71 at the family home located on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co. MO and died before 1871 as an infant.55
285. AUGUSTE MARIA ELISABETHG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1872-1951). SEE CHAPTER SEVEN.
286. CHRISTIAN HEINRICH HERMANNG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1875-1921). SEE CHAPTER EIGHT.
287. LOUISE ANNAG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1876-1945). SEE CHAPTER NINE.
288. SOPHIA LOUISE JOHANNEG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1879-1879), the fifth child of Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier, was born on 16 Jan 1879 on the family farm located on Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. She was baptized by Pastor Fackler on 22 Jan 1879 at St. Petri's Church on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, MO. Her sponsors were Frau Lowes and Frau Linhardt.56 Sophia Louise Johanne died on 22 Jan 1879 on the Columbia Bottom, St. Ferdinand Township, MO.57
289. HEINRICH FRIEDRICH WILHELMG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1880-1934). SEE CHAPTER TEN.
290. CHARLOTTE LOUISE PAULINEG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1880-1917). SEE CHAPTER ELEVEN.
291. CARL FRIEDRICHG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1882-1949). SEE CHAPTER TWELVE.
292. HEINRICH WILHELMG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1882-1957). SEE CHAPTER THIRTEEN.
293. PAUL GEORG WILHELMG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1884-1915). SEE CHAPTER FOURTEEN.
294. GUSTAV HEINRICH AUGUSTG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1885-1886), the eleventh child of Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier, was born on 1 Nov 1885 on the family farm located on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. He was baptized by Pastor Zimmermann on 22 Nov 1885 at St. Petri's Church on the Columbia Bottom, St. Ferdinand Township, MO. His sponsors were Heinrich Welmeier and August Vogelsang.58 Gustav died on 18 Aug 1886 on the Columbia Bottom, St. Ferdinand Township, MO.59
295. THEODOR ADOLPHG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1887-1964). SEE CHAPTER FIFTEEN.
296. ROBERT MARTING7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1887-1948). SEE CHAPTER SIXTEEN.
297. ERNST CARL HEINRICHG7 GLIEDT (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1890-1966). SEE CHAPTER SEVENTEEN.
298. GLIEDT CHILDG7 (PöppelmeierG4 ) (1892-1892), the fifteenth and last child of Gottlieb and Hanne Gliedt nee Pöppelmeier, was stillborn in Jul of 1892 on the family farm located in Freistatt Township, Lawrence Co., MO and was buried on 22 Jul 1892 in the Trinity Lutheran Cemetery at Freistatt, MO.60
This concludes the story of our emigrant ancestor (#277) Philipp GottliebG6 Gliedt. The stories covering the lives of his married children appear in Chapters Seven-Seventeen. Chapter Seven covers Gottlieb'sG6 oldest daughter, Auguste Kaiser nee Gliedt, her husband, and their family.
End-Notes1 Mary Platt Parmele, A Short History of Germany, (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1906), p. 157.
2 Diether Raff, A History of Germany From the Medieval Empire to the Present, (Oxford/Hamburg/New York: Berg, 1988), pp. 100-102.
3 Walter D. Kamphoefner, The Westfalians From Germany to Missouri, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987), pp. 18-19, 54.
4 Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473654, Vol.-14, entry #46, Stadt, 1842 Birth/Baptismal Records. Also FHL film #1051676, Item-1, entry #46, 1842 Birth/Baptismal Records.
5 Research Guide To German-American Genealogy, (German Interest Group, A Branch of the Minnesota Genealogical Society, 1991), p. 25.
6 NOTE: Gottlieb probably received little or no formal school as he was unable to sign his name on a land deed in 1877. The 1880 and 1900 Censuses indicated that he could read and write.
7 Confirmations-Attest of Philipp Gottlieb Glied, photocopy submitted by Martha Kaiser, Cole Camp, MO.
8 Missouri: American Guide Series, (The Missouri State Highway Department, WPA, 1941), pp. 55-56.
9 National Archives, Ship Passenger Arrival Lists, Port of New Orleans, LA, NAR film #51, Collection M259, #216, SS Carl, 22 Oct 1866. NOTE: It's possible that the Heinrich listed on the passenger list of the SS Carl is Gottlieb except that the age given does not match Gottlieb's age at that time.
10 Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD., Book-1, p. 6-7, entry #11, 1867. NOTE: Heinrich Hermann Glitt was the sponsor to Heinrich Hermann who was born on 25 Jan 1867 and baptized on 3 Feb 1867, the son of Christian Lowes and his wife, Johanna born Grotjahn.
11 Edna M. Bentz, If I Can, You Can, Decipher Germanic Records, (San Diego, CA: Edna M. Bentz, 1982), p. 79.
12 I. H. Lionberger, The Annals of St. Louis and a Brief Account of Its Foundation and Progress 1764-1927, (St. Louis: Mound City Press, 1928), p.x8.
13 Praise For The Past. Carolyn Herkstroeter, St. Peter's Church Has Enjoyed 125 Years of God's Blessings. Information about St. Petri Church found among these articles written in celebration of St Peter's 125 Anniversary.
14 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, Taxation Book, 1870, FHL film #0981468, entry #213. Description of Church site found in the taxation book.
15 Our Pastors. Praise for the Past. Carolyn Herkstroeter, St. Peter's Church Has Enjoyed 125 Years of God's Blessings. Articles from St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church in celebration of St. Peter's 125 Anniversary.
16 Florissant Valley Historical Quarterly, Vol.-18, April 1976, #1, p. 7.
17 Missouri, St. Louis, Vital Records, Marriages, FHL film #0528179, Vol.-14, p. 287, 1870. NOTE: Marriage record filed 8 Mar 1870 by Juilius Conrad, Recorder. Missouri, St. Louis, Original Church Book of Salem Black Jack found at Concordia Historical Institute, 801 DeMun, p. 79, entry #32, 1869 Marriage Records. NOTE: THE GROOM'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLITT AND THE BRIDE'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED BÖBELMEYER ON THIS MARRIAGE RECORD. The groom's father surname was also spelled Glitt.
18 Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church, Aufnahme Staatarchiv Detmold, P1B Nr. 216, entry #5, Lippe Section, 1851 Birth/Baptismal Records.
19 Confirmations-Attest of Hanne Friederike Pöppelmeier, submitted by Martha Kaiser, Cole Camp, MO.
20 National Archives, Ship Passenger Arrival Lists, Port of New Orleans, LA, NAR film #52, Collection M259, #208, SS Dorette, 21 Oct 1867.
21 I. H. Lionberger, op. cit., p. 18.
22 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, Taxation, 1869, FHL film #0981463, entry #424.
23 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1870 U.S. Census, FHL film #0552308, p. 7, dwelling #45, Family #48. NOTE: THE FAMILY SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLITT ON THIS CENSUS RECORD.
24 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, Taxation, 1870, FHL film #0981468.
25 Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD. The first two pages of the Original Church Records for St. Petri Gemeinde are stuck together. So if he was born ca. 1869-1870, his birth record would be found on the pages which are stuck together. Death records were not recorded until later.
26 Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 10-11, 1872 Birth Records. NOTE: THE FATHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLITT AND THE MOTHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED BEBELMEYER ON THIS BIRTH RECORD.
27 I. H. Lionberger, op. cit., p. 18.
28 Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD, Book-1, Part-1, p. 12-13, 1873 Birth Records.
29 Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 12-13, 1874 Baptismal Records.
30 Missouri: American Guide Series, (The Missouri State Highway Department, WPA, 1941), p. 304.
31 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, Taxation, 1874, FHL film #0980559, entry #544, 1874.
32 Ibid., Taxation, 1875, FHL film #0980565, p. 41, entry #586.
33 Ibid., Taxation, 1876, FHL film #0980571, entry #619.
34 Missouri, St. Louis County, Land Records, FHL film #0533665, Book-541, pp. 242-243.
35 Ibid., Land Records, FHL film #0533982, Book-562, pp. 299-300.
36 Missouri: American Guide Series, (The Missouri State Highway Department, WPA, 1941), p. 305.
37 I. H. Lionberger, op. cit., p. 18.
38 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1880 U.S. Census, p. 5, SD-1, ED-178, Dwelling #41, Family #41.
39 Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Trampe RD, Lists of "Our Pastors".
40 I. H. Lionberger, op. cit., p. 18.
41 Trinity Lutheran Church, Freistatt, Missouri, 1874-1949.
42 Missouri, Lawrence County, Mt. Vernon, County Clerk, Land Records, Book-92, p. 61. Photocopy of original record courtesy of Edward Tomblin, Monett, MO, 1990.
44 Missouri, Lawrence County, Freistatt Township, 1900 U.S. Census, National Archives Records, hereinafter NAR film #T623-870, SD-13, ED-89, Sheet-8B, line 80-88, 148/149.
45 Ibid., Book-104, p. 287.
46 Ibid., Book-104, p. 287.
47 Ibid., Book-102, p. 522.
48 Ibid., Book-114, p. 174.
49 Missouri, Lawrence County, Freistatt Township, 1910 U.S. Census, FHL film #1374808, SD-13, ED-91, Sheet-1A, line-32, 29/29.
50 Missouri, Lawrence County, Mt. Vernon, County Clerk, Land Records, Book-115, p. 597. Photocopy of original record courtesy of Edward Tomblin, Monett, MO, 1990.
51 Ibid., Book-124, p. 458.
52 Missouri State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death, Registration #473, File #23171. Missouri, Lawrence County, Freistatt, Trinity Lutheran Church, Computer printout of Death Record found in Book-1, entry #261. Submitted by Evelyn Nelson and Fae Gliedt, Monett, MO, 1990.
53 Missouri, Benton County, West William Township, NAR film #T625/903, residence #38/38.
54 Missouri State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death, Registration District #59, File #21887.
55 Family tradition. The page for the Birth/Baptismal Records for this time period of St. Petri Church are stuck together. Deaths records begin at a later date for St. Petri.
56 Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD, Book-1, Part-1, p. 18-19, entry #1, 1879 Baptismal Records. NOTE: THE FATHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLITT ON THIS BIRTH RECORD.
57 Ibid., Book-1, Part-4, p. 148, entry #40, 1879 Death Records.
58 Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 28-29, entry #14, 1885 Baptismal Records.
59 Ibid., Book-1, Part-5, p. 152, entry #4, 1886 Death Records.
60 Missouri, Lawrence County, Freistatt, Trinity Lutheran Church, Computer printout of Gliedt, Stillborn child of Gottlieb Gliedt and his wife Hanna, Book-1, entry #96. Submitted by Evelyn Nelson and Fae Gliedt, Monett, MO, 1990. NOTE: Exact day of birth not given on the record