JOHANN HERMANN HENRICH GLIED (1813-1882)
THE FIFTH GENERATION-GLIED
The year is 1813. It is the year that the spirit of German nationalism reached new heights and the War of Liberation began. The War of Liberation was a national movement which resulted in the liberation of Germany from French rule and domination.i The following year, at the Congress of Vienna, an act was passed that created the Deutsche Bund or German confederation. This Bund or confederation was a loose federation of 35 states and four free cities formed to replace the Holy Roman Empire. This resulted in the reestablishment of the old system of states similar to the 1648 settlement of Germany. When this happened, the interests of the German people were ignored in favor of the interests of the German princes who ruled the states. The national movement which resulted in the War of Liberation might never have occurred.ii It was during this time that our direct line ancestor (#157) Johann Hermann HenrichG5 Glied was born. Johann Hermann Henrich was the great, great, grandson of EberdtG1 Glied; the great grandson of JobstG2 Glied; the grandson of Albert HenrichG3 Glied; and the son of Albert HenrichG4 Glied. The setting for this chapter begins in the modern day state of Nordrhein/Westfalen, Germany near Herford and ends in St. Louis, Missouri.
157. JOHANN HERMANN HENRICHG5 GLIED (Eberdt,G1 Jobst,G2 Albert Henrich,G3 ), the fourth child of the Heürling, Albert HenrichG4 and Anna Ilsabein Glied nee Westerwelle(n), was born at 3 A.M. on 3 Mar 1813 at Bauerschaft Diebrock #15, located about four Km. west of Herford, Westfalen, Germany. He was baptized on 7 Mar 1813 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford. His sponsors were the Erbpächter, Johann Henrich Berger of Bauerschaft Diebrock, the Erbpächter, Ernst Henrich Westerwelle of Bauerschaft Eicum #41, and the Heürling, Johann Henrich Hendelmann from the Kirchspiel (parish) Hiddenhausen.iii Johann Hermann Henrich was known as Hermann. He spent his childhood at Bauerschaft Diebrock. Hermann received instruction in the Lutheran Confession and was confirmed on Sonntag Kantate, 13 May 1827 by the Superintendenten and Senior Johanning at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.iv
Hermann's parents were probably acquainted with Johann Friederich Wilhelm and Marie Ilsabein Steffen nee Eickmeyer. Johann and Marie Steffen were originally from the Herford area and at one time attended the same Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church at Herford as the Glieds. After their marriage on 23 Mar 1800, Johann and Marie Steffenv made their home at Bauerschaft Laer #10, where Johann was a Heürling.vi Their first four children, Anne Ilsabein (1800-1878), Gottlieb Philipp (1802-1856), Anne Margarethe Ilsabein (1804-1837), and Hermann Henrich (1807-1846), were born at Bauerschaft Laer #10.vii Between 1807 and 1811, Johann Steffen moved his family to the nearby community of Westerenger, where Johann was an Erbpächter and a Spinner. While residing at Westerenger, Johann and Marie Steffen nee Eickmeyer had three more children, Johann Peter (1811-1863), and twin daughters, Anne Margarethe Ilsabein (1815- ), and Hanna Fridrique (1815- ).viii Their eighth and last child, Henriette Friederika (1818-1863) was born at Pödinghausen.ix One of their twin daughters, Anne Margarethe Ilsabein Steffen, married our ancestor, Johann Hermann Henrich Glied.
Hermann was the first son of AlbertG4 and Anna Glied to marry. On 5 Jan 1840, Johann Hermann Henrich Glied, age 26, wed ANNE MARGARETHE ILSABEIN STEFFEN, age 24, from Pödinghausen in the parish of Enger. They were married at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.x Anne Margarethe Ilsabein (1815- ), the sixth child of the Erbpächter and Spinner, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm and Marie Ilsabein Steffen nee Eickmeyer, was born on 7 Jun 1815 at Westerenger bei #15, Westfalen, Germany. She was baptized with her twin sister, Hanna Frideque, on 11 Jun 1815 at the Evangelisch Church at Enger, Westfalen, Germany.xi Anne Margarethe was also known as Anne and Maria.
At the time of their marriage, the price of linen had reached new lows and the local economy was becoming depressed. The state of the economy could be the reason why Hermann and Anne made their home with Hermann's parents, at Bauerschaft Altstädt #60, after their marriage. Hermann was a Heürling.xii As a Heürling, Hermann didn't own any land or a house. He either lived in his parents' home or rented no more than two or three acres of land, and a cottage, which might have been converted from a barn or outbuilding. Hermann was probably paid 2 or 3 Thalers per month, plus his meals, which was the usual rate for a Heürling. If Hermann rented land, he would have to pay his rent to his landlord in cash. He would also have to work for a fixed number of days without pay, or work whenever needed by the landlord for substandard pay.xiii So it was difficult for Hermann as a Heürling to support his family. In order to supplement his income, Hermann might have worked at home as a spinner or weaver of the flax he grew.xiv During the early years of Hermann's marriage, the price of linen continued to drop.xv There is no way to know how the linen crisis affected Hermann and his family. It is conceivable that the linen crisis made their lives more difficult. The economic conditions deteriorated in 1846 and 1847 because potato blight caused meager harvests. The poor harvests caused the price of grain to soar. During this time, the lower rural class became more and more frustrated and dissatisfied with the existing conditions until finally in 1848 it all came to a head in what is known as the Revolt of 1848. There were street demonstrations and periods of violence. After two consecutive years of crop failures, the farmers had a good harvest in 1848. Following this successful harvest, the economic conditions improved and the price of grain returned to near normal levels. There is no way to know what a typical day was like for Hermann and Anne while they lived in Germany. Compared to other families at this time, Hermann and Anne's family was of average size. Anne gave birth to five children which included one set of twins between 1840 and 1851. Their first two children were born while they lived at Bauerschaft Altstädt #60 and their last three children were born while they were residing at Bauerschaft Altstädt #26.xvi Between Apr of 1861 and Apr of 1866, the family lived at Elferdissen, Westfalen, Germany.xvii
In 1842, Hermann's younger brother, (#158) Johann Friedrich wed Anne Catharine Ilsabein Vogelsang. The following year, Hermann's older brother, (#104) Johann Henrich wed Anne Ilsabein Dre˙er. Then in Oct of 1846, Hermann's younger sister, (#179) Anne Catharine Ilsabein wed Johann Hermann Heinrich Pöppelmeier. Two years later, Hermann's brother, (#158) Johann Friedrich died from Brustfieber (pneumonia). Hermann's youngest brother, (#164) Johann Friedrich Wilhelm wed Hanne Henriette Louise Schürmann in the fall of 1850.
Hermann's brother-in-law, Hermann Heinrich Pöppelmeier, had a younger brother named Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier who emigrated to America in 1853. Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier was the first documented ancestor to emigrate to America with his family. After the family of Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier arrived in America, they stayed in St. Louis for a short time before settling in Lyon Township, Franklin Co., MO. It is probably because of Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier that Hermann Glied emigrated to America with his family. Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier and his family were the first link in what is known as "chain migration". A chain migration occurred when a person or group left their home in Germany and settled in another land. The new immigrants would send letters back to their hometown in Germany telling how they had prospered and how they now owned 40 or even 80 acres of land. These letters caused such high hopes and great excitement that other family members and friends who were able to get away, emigrated and sought out their families and old neighbors in the new land.xviii
Between 1854-1855, emigration to America declined dramatically after reports reached Germany about the economic slump in America, and anti-immigrant riots which occurred at a number of American ports.xix By 1861, William I, King of Prussia had ordered that there be a compulsory service in the military of all able bodied men and that their service in the military be extended to four years. Then the Civil War broke out in America. With the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, emigration increased. In 1866, war broke out between Austria and Prussia that was to last the next seven years, and a Cholera epidemic swept through Germany killing thousands.
Perhaps we may never know the deciding reason why Hermann and his family left Germany for America. By the time their sons became adults, Hermann and Anne were faced with a decision that was to change the rest of their lives. The decision was whether to come to America or not. Hermann's brother-in-law, Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier, probably wrote letters describing the "good" life in Missouri and sent them back to his family in Germany. Hermann and Anne probably heard about the letters from Johann Barthold Pöppelmeier describing his new life in Missouri. The stories made Hermann and Anne dream dreams of owning their own land. It's possible that the deciding factor was the death of Hermann's father, Albert HenrichG4 in 1865. The custom in Germany at that time was for the eldest son to inherit the property upon the death of the father. For some reason this custom did not apply, as Hermann's younger brother, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm (#164) was known as the heir. It's possible that Hermann might have received some kind of settlement from his father's estate which enabled him to emigrate to America. Hermann and Anne probably argued about the pros and cons of leaving the only home they ever knew. On the pro side, here was Hermann, a grown man, who was not the heir to his father's estate. He had very little to pass on to his sons. His homeland was gearing up for war with Austria and the prospect that his sons would have to go to war. There was also a cholera epidemic. On the con side, they would be leaving everything that was familiar to them, their family, friends, and their homeland. The "Germans" were known for being stubborn, loyal, courageous, and honorable. They were strong people who gambled, enjoyed drinking, and occasionally a good fight. They were also quiet and more reserved in showing emotions.xx Being a good "German", Hermann probably shared many of these characteristics. Hermann was possibly a gambler and was willing to gamble that life in America would be better. It wasn't a decision that was made lightly, but Hermann and Anne finally decided to come to America. Once they made up their mind, they made their plans with optimism and tried not to worry over the decision. They knew where they were going and what was awaiting for them from the letters sent by family members already in America. They were advised on what route to take from there, what the exchange rates were for the various currencies, along with the risks of American paper money, and what they would find upon their arrival in St. Louis.
Figure 2: Photo of SS Carl courtesy of Bernhard Havighorst, Bremen (Blumenthal) Germany.
When a person left Germany at that time, he was supposed to apply for permission to emigrate. He would need official permission from the pastor, the tax office, district officers, and the military authority. He would have to post a notice in his hometown informing his neighbors of his departure so all his debts were paid. Upon receiving permission to emigrate, he would make his plans and depart.xxi Not everyone applied for permission to leave Germany. Thousands of emigrants didn't bother to apply for permission to leave. They just up and left Germany illegally. It is likely that Hermann and his family were probably part of this group that just up and left their homeland, leaving their relatives, friends and taking only a few personal items with them.xxii Hermann, his wife and children traveled to the port of Bremen in 1866. Bremen had the reputation of being a safe port. Once they arrived in Bremen, Hermann was met by a licensed agent. It was the agent's job to see that the new emigrants arrived at the port without being robbed or cheated. The emigrants were provided with food and lodging in government owned quarters for a small fee.xxiii Hermann inquired when the next ship to America left and purchased passage for his family on the SS Carl, a sailing vessel. The price of the tickets for steerage class must have seemed like a fortune to Hermann. For instance, in 1854, the ticket for passage in steerage issued from Bremen cost 39 Thalers, while the wage of a Heürling amounted to only 2 or 3 Thalers a month. The SS Carl was built in Vegesack in 1857. She was registered in Bremen in 1866 and was owned by E. C. Schramm and Co. She was 181 feet long, 36 feet in breath, the hold had a depth of 23 feet and a tonnage measurement of 1030 tons. Her Master was Fr. Otten.xxiv
Imagine the feelings the family probably experienced at this time. The sadness of leaving behind the only home they had ever known, their homeland, family and friends, the excitement of seeing new sights, having never traveled more than a few kilometers from their home, the dread of the crossing the ocean, the fear of the unknown, and the promise of the good life in America. All too soon the day they boarded the SS Carl came and their journey across the ocean began. Hermann, Anne, Heinrich and Justine along with their meager belongings boarded the SS Carl and made their way to the steerage section. Steerage was a large space below deck. In this dark, windowless place, Hermann and his family would eat and sleep for the duration of the crossing. The sides were lined with tiers of wooden bunks.xxv It was crowded with other men, women and children. On this crossing, the SS Carl carried 354 passengers in steerage, ten passengers in the Deckhouse, 70 passengers in Cabin II, and 15 passengers in Cabin I.xxvi Hermann and his family made themselves as comfortable as possible. As was commonly the case with passengers in steerage class, the food was poor in quality and scarce. There was little or no privacy on the ship. They were below deck when the ship pulled away from their homeland. Sailing vessels such as the SS Carl made the crossing in a minimum of six weeks depending on the winds.xxvii As was usual, there was illness among the passengers. After what must have seemed like an endless journey, word spread through the cabin that they were nearing their new home-America. The SS Carl docked in New Orleans on 22 Oct 1866. The arrival list for passengers on the SS Carl listed Hermann Glied, age 53, male, farmer, from Prussia to Missouri; Anna, age 51, female; Henrich, age 19; and Justine, age 15.xxviii After all these weeks on the high seas, Hermann, and his family had finally reached America, and first stepped unto land. Once they left the SS Carl, Hermann and his family were processed in room 219 of the Custom House in New Orleans.xxix Weary after all these weeks of their ocean voyage, they still faced the trip up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, MO. Hermann probably bought passage on a river boat to St. Louis.
Upon their arrival in St. Louis, Hermann and his family learned that St. Louis had also had an cholera epidemic in 1866, and that St. Louis was still recovering from the effects of the Civil war which had ended almost two years prior to their arrival. Once they arrived in St. Louis, Hermann began looking for a place to live. Hermann and Anne wanted to live outside the city of St. Louis. Just outside of St. Louis was a German settlement on the Columbia Bottom. So Hermann and his family made their way out to this German settlement and found a place to live. By Feb of 1867, Hermann and his family had settled in.xxx The Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township was the flat, river bottom land located where the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers merge in St. Louis. This was expensive land because it didn't have to be cleared and the soil was rich. Hermann couldn't afford to buy his own land. So he rented land to farm and continued to dream of owning his own place. Living on the Columbia Bottom had its' drawbacks. Since it was close to two major rivers, this area flooded frequently. During the summer, the humidity was high, and there were many mosquitoes which carried diseases. Those early years were hard. It must have seemed that they had traded one kind of hardship for another. The days were long and hard, but they had something to show for it. The German settlement on the Columbia Bottom suited Hermann and Anna. It was close enough to a large city where they could sell their produce and still live among other Germans. Here, Hermann and Anne continued to follow their old German ways. There was even a small German Evangelisch Church named St. Petri's located near their home where Hermann and his family attended religious services. In the fall of 1869, Hermann's son, Philipp Gottlieb wed his first cousin, Hanne Friederike Pöppelmeier.
When the census taker, Julius Nolte came to their home on 7 Jun 1870, Hermann and his wife were living in their son's household. Hermann was 59 years old and his wife was 57 years old. Their son Henryxxxi was the head of the household. Henry was a 28 years old farmer whose real estate value was listed as $600. His wife, Hannah was 19 years old and keeping house. His sister, Justine, also lived in the same household. She was 18 years old and listed as a nurse.xxxii The following year, Justine wed Johann Heinrich Meyer.
During the next decade, Hermann and Anne continued to live on the Columbia Bottom near their son, Philipp Gottlieb, and their daughter, Justine Meyer. Hermann and Anne left few clues to their lives. St. Petri's Church Records indicates that they were faithful Communicant members. Hermann was apparently held in high regard as he was asked to be the godfather to at least five children. In 1867, he was a sponsor to Christian Lowes' son, Heinrich Hermann, and to Wilhelm Holtmann's son, Heinrich August. Hermann was also the sponsor to his grandson, Christian Heinrich Hermann in 1875, and to his grandson, Hermann H. Meyer in 1878. In 1881, he was a sponsor to Friedrich Wilhelm Mueller. When the 1880 U. S. Census was enumerated for St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO, Hermann and Anne, who was now known as Maria, were living in their own house near their daughter, Justine Meyer and her family. Hermann, age 68, was a farmer and his wife, Maria, age 66, was keeping house.xxxiii
Johann Hermann Henrich Glied died on 20 Sep 1882 at his home located on the Columbia Bottom Section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. He was 69 years, 7 months, and 6 days old at the time of his death. He was survived by his widow and three adult children.xxxiv After the death of her husband, Maria Glied nee Steffen was not mentioned again in the St. Petri's Church Records. She probably went to live with her daughter, Justine Meyer, who became a widow in Dec of 1883. No death record was found for Maria Glied nee Steffen.
The children of Hermann and Anne Glied nee Steffen:
276. JOHANN HENRICHG6 GLIED (1840- ), the first child of the Neubauer, Hermann and Anne Glied nee Steffen, was born at 11 A.M. on 6 May 1840 at Bauerschaft Altstädt #60, Westfalen, Germany and was baptized on 10 May 1840 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford, Westfalen, Germany. His sponsor was Johann Henrich Brünger of Eicum.xxxv He was confirmed on Sonntag Misericordias Domini, 22 Apr 1855 by Pastor Bosse at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.xxxvi This is all that is known about Johann Henrich Glied. There were no records found in Germany or in America after his confirmation in 1855 to indicate what happened to him.
277. PHILIPP GOTTLIEBG6 GLIED (1842-1914). OUR DIRECT LINE ANCESTOR. SEE CHAPTER SIX.
278. JOBST HEINRICHG6 GLIED (1846- ), the third child of the Heürling, Hermann and Anne Glied nee Steffen, was born at 6 P.M. on 8 Oct 1846 at Bauerschaft Altstädt #26, Westfalen, Germany. He was baptized on 11 Oct 1846 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford, Westfalen, Germany.xxxvii His sponsors were P. H. Brünger of Eicum, C. Höner of Eicum, and J. H. Thenhausen of Eicum. He was confirmed on Sonntag Quasimodogein, 14 Apr 1861 by Pastor Bosse at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.xxxviii According to the passenger arrival lists of the SS Carl, Heinrich, aged 19, traveled from Germany to Missouri with his parents and sister in 1866.xxxix This is all that is known about Jobst Heinrich Glied.
279. HANNE JUSTINEG6 GLIED (TWIN) (1851- ), the fourth child of the Heürling, Hermann and Anne Glied nee Steffen, was born at 6 A.M. on 28 Aug 1851, a Thursday, at Bauerschaft Altstädt #26, Westfalen, Germany. She was baptized with her twin sister on 31 Aug 1851 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford, Westfalen, Germany. Her sponsors were H. Glied of Bauerschaft Altstädt, Justine Oertmann of Bauerschaft Altstädt, and H. Speckmann also of Bauerschaft Altstädt.xl Hanne Justine better known as Justine, was confirmed by Pastor Rauschenbusch on Sonntag Misericordias Domini, 15 Apr 1866 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford.xli Justine was one of the two children who traveled with her parents to Bremen and was a passenger on the SS Carl. She was 17 years old when she came to America in 1866 with her parents.xlii On 4 Jun 1870, Julius Nolte, the enumerator of the 1870 U. S. Census, visited the Glied home located in St. Ferdinand Township of St. Louis Co., MO. He discover that Justine was eighteen years old, and a nurse. She was one of five people living in the Glied household.xliii She became a Communicant member of St. Petri's Evangelical Church located on the Columbia Bottom of St. Ferdinand Township. Before her marriage, Justine attended the church services at St. Petri's with her brother and sister-in-law. When Justine and her fiancee, Johann Heinrich Meyer decided to marry in the spring of 1871, there wasn't a resident pastor at St. Petri. So Justine and Johann Meyer had to travel to the nearby German community of Black Jack, where H. J. Schwensen was pastor of the Evangelisch (Salem) Lutheran Church. They probably traveled by horse and wagon to the church in Black Jack. In order to get to the church, they had to pass through the thriving German community of Black Jack, which grew up around three very large Black Jack oak trees that provided shade at the intersection of Old Hall's Ferry and Parker Roads. On the Northeast corner of this intersection was a blacksmith shop. About 200 yards east of the blacksmith shop, William "Old Bill" Bogeholz operated a general store, tailor shop and saloon.xliv West of the intersection on Parker Road was the Evangelisch (Salem) Lutheran Church. On Sunday, 5 Mar 1871, Hanne Justine Glied, age 19, wed JOHANN HEINRICH MEYER. The Reverend H. J. Schwensen of the Evangelical Church at Black Jack, St. Louis Co., MO performed the wedding ceremony in his room (study).xlv Heinrich Gottlieb Wiese, Elisabeth Bakker and vater (father) Glied witnessed their marriage.xlvi Johann (ca. 1846-1883), the son of Johann and ----- ? Meyer nee Wiese of Gasconade Co., MO, was born ca. 1846 in MO. Johann Heinrich was better known as Heinrich. After their marriage, Heinrich and Justine made their home on the Columbia Bottom near Justine's parents. Here, Heinrich farmed a small parcel of land. Over the years, Heinrich and Justine worked their land, and attended St. Petri's Evangelisch Church on a regular basis. On 9 Jun 1880, the enumerator of the 1880 U.S. Census for St. Ferdinand Township of St. Louis Co., MO, visited the Henry Meyer home, he discovered that Henry, age 34, was a farmer, and head of the household that included Justine, his 29 year old wife, and their 2 year old son, Henry. They were still living near Justine's parents.xlvii Johann Henrich Meyer, age 37, died on 5 Dec 1883 in St. Ferdinand Township of St. Louis Co., MO. He was survived by his widow and one child.xlviii After the death of her husband, Justine Meyer nee Glied was not mentioned again in the St. Petri's Church Records or in the civil records of St. Louis, MO. This is all that is known about Justine Meyer nee Glied. Johann Henrich and Hanne Justine Meyer nee Glied had the following children: 280. Anne, 281. Hermann, and 282. Johanna.
280. i. ANNE CHRISTINE MARIAG7 MEYER (1875- ), the first child of Heinrich and Justine Meyer nee Glied, was born on 27 Sep 1875 at her parent's home located on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. She was baptized on 24 Oct 1875 at St. Petri Evangelical Church in St. Ferdinand Township, MO. Her sponsors were her Grossmutter (grandmother) Glied, Grossmutter Wiese and Grossmutter Maier.xlix Anne probably died before 1880.
281. ii. HERMANN HENRICH CASPARG7 MEYER (1878-1881), the second child of Heinrich and Justine Meyer nee Glied, was born on 15 Apr 1878 at his parent's home located on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO and was baptized on 26 May 1878 at St. Petri Evangelical Church in St. Ferdinand Township, MO. He was named after his sponsors who were Hermann Glied and Caspar Fleer.l Hermann Henrich Meyer died on 12 Dec 1881 at St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO at the age of 3 years, 7 months, 27 days.li
282. iii. JOHANNA JETTEG7 MEYER (1881- ), the third and last child of Heinrich and Justine Meyer nee Glied, was born on 12 Apr 1881 at her parent's home located on the Columbia Bottom section of St. Ferdinand Township, St. Louis Co., MO. She was baptized on 8 May 1881 at St. Petri Evangelical Church in St. Ferdinand Township, MO. Her sponsors were D. Henriette Kehlmbrink and Johanna Glied.lii This is all that is known about Johanna Jette Meyer.
283. DOROTHEE ELISABETH HENRIETTEG6 GLIED (TWIN) (1851-1851), the fifth and last child of the Heürling, Hermann and Anne Glied nee Steffen, was born at 6:30 A.M. on 28 Aug 1851 at Bauerschaft Altstädt #26, Westfalen, Germany. She was baptized with her twin sister on 31 Aug 1851 at the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church in Herford, Westfalen, Germany. Her sponsor was A. J. Steffen of Enger, A. C. Steffen of Enger and H. Hustedt of Enger.liii Dorothee Elisabeth Henriette Glied died at 5:30 A.M. from Krämpfe (spasms) on 10 Oct 1851 at Bauerschaft Altstädt #26 and was buried Stille (quietly) on 13 Oct 1851 in the Münstergemeinde Kirchhof in Herford.liv
This concludes the story of (#157) Johann Hermann HenrichG5 Glied and his family. The story continues in Chapter Six with our direct line ancestor (#277) Philipp GottliebG6 Glied, the second child of (#157) Johann Hermann HenrichG5 Glied. Philipp Gottlieb is better known as Gottlieb.
End-Notesi G. Barraclough, The Origins of Modern Germany, (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1984), p. 409.
ii Ibid., p. 410.
iii Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473650, Vol.-7, Item-3, entry #68, 1813 Birth Records.
iv Germany, Evangelisch Lutheran Münster-Kirchengemeinde Herford, 4900 Herford, Waisenhausstr. Photocopy of the original Konfirmation-Register 1827, entry #64.
v Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473664, Item-1, p. 499, entry #6, 1800 Marriage Records.
vi Information found on the Birth/Baptismal Records of first four child in the Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records of Herford.
viii Information found on the Birth/Baptismal Records of the children in the Evangelisch Church of Enger.
x Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #1051676, Item-1, entry #2, 1840 Marriage Records. Also, Enger, Evangelisch Church Records, FHL film #0582693, Vol.-16, entry before #1, 1840 Marriage Records. NOTE: Marriage date from Herford is listed as 5 Jan 1840 while the marriage date from Enger is listed as 2 Jan 1840.
xi Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Enger, Evangelisch Church Records, FHL film #0582688, Item-1, Vol.-4, p. 217, entry #87, 1815 Birth Records.
xii Information from the baptismal records of their children.
xiii Walter D. Kamphoefner, The Westfalians From Germany to Missouri, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987), p. 18.
xiv Ibid., p. 50.
xv Ibid., p. 29.
xvi Place of residence from the baptismal records of their children.
xvii Information of residence taken from confirmation records of their children
xviii Kamphoefner, op. cit., pp. 70-71.
xix Ibid., pp. 54-55.
xx Leonard Brauer and Evelyn Goosen, Hier Snackt Wi Plattdütsch, (Cole Camp, MO, 1989), p. 15.
xxi Maralyn A. Wellauer, German Immigration to America in the Nineteenth Century: A Genealogist's Guide, 1985, pp. 26-27.
xxii NOTE: No emigration record was found for Hermann and his family.
xxiii Irene M. Franck, The German-American Heritage, (New York: Facts On File, New York, 1989), pp. 51-52.
xxiv Information on the SS Carl courtesy of Bernhard Havighorst, Bremen (Blumenthal) Germany and the Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, Connecticut.
xxv Peter Kemp, The Oxford Companion of Ships and the Sea, (London, NY, Melborine: Oxford University Press, 1976).
xxvi National Archives, Ship Passenger Arrival Lists, Port of New Orleans, LA, National Archives Records hereinafter NAR, film #51, Collection M259, #216, SS Carl 22 Oct 1866.
xxvii Heinz Moos and Thomas Piltz, 300 Years of German Immigrants in North America, A Calendar for 1983, (Baltimore, MD: Heinz Moos Publishing, 1983).
xxviii National Archives, Ship Passenger Lists, Port of New Orleans, LA, NAR film #51, Collection M259, #216, SS Carl, 22 Oct 1866.
xxix National Archives, Ship Passenger List, Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, LA before 1900, NAR film #11, Collection T527.
xxx Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Tramp RD, Book-1, Part-1, p. 6-7, entry #11, 1867 Birth/Baptismal Records. MOTE: Heinrich Hermann Glitt was the sponsor to Heinrich Hermann Lowes who was baptized on 3 Feb 1867.
xxxi NOTE: Henry was probably Gottlieb at this time. On some of the baptismal records for the children of Gottlieb and Johanna Glied nee Pöppelmeier, Gottlieb was listed as Henrich.
xxxii Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1870 U.S. Census, FHL film #0552308, p. 7, Dwelling #45, Family #48.
xxxiii Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1880 U.S. Census, NAR film #T9715, p. 12, SD-1, ED-178, Dwelling #104, Family #104.
xxxiv Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of St. Petri found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD, Book-1, p. 150, entry #24, 1882 Death Records. NOTE: The place where Johann Hermann Glied was buried was not located. He wasn't buried in the Salem Lutheran Cemetery at Black Jack nor was he buried in Bethlehem Cemetery. The curator of the Bethlehem Cemetery reported that the Old Bethlehem Cemetery had been closed and the remains moved to the New Bethlehem Cemetery. At that time, there were several persons in the Old Bethlehem Cemetery who were not identified and that they were buried in a large grave in the New Bethlehem Cemetery. There were cemeteries on the Columbia Bottom at the time the Glieds lived there, but the cemeteries have either been moved or no longer exist today.
xxxv Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #1051676, Item-1, entry #61, 1840 Birth Records.
xxxvi Germany, Evangelisch Lutheran Münster-Kirchengemeinde Herford, 4900 Herford, Waisenhausstr. Photocopy of the original Konfirmation-Register 1855, entry #18.
xxxvii Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473654, Vol.-14, entry #103, Stadt, 1846 Birth Records.
xxxviii Germany, Evangelisch Lutheran Münster-Kirchengemeinde Herford, 4900 Herford, Waisenhausstr. Photocopy of the original Konfirmation-Register 1861, entry #79.
xxxix It is possible that Jobst Heinrich is the same person named Heinrich listed on the passenger arrival lists of the SS Carl. The Heinrich that arrived on the SS Carl in 1866 was 19 and so his calculated date of birth would be ca. 1847 which is close to Jost Heinrich's date of Oct 1846.
xl Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473654, Vol.-15, entry #94, Stadt, 1851 Birth Records.
xli Germany, Evangelisch Lutheran Münster-Kirchengemeinde Herford, 4900 Herford, Waisenhausstr. Photocopy of the original Konfirmation-Register 1866, entry #189.
xlii National Archives, Passenger Arrival Lists, Port of New Orleans, LA, NAR film #51, Collection M259, #216, SS Carl, 22 Oct 1866.
xliii Missouri, St. Louis County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1870 U.S. Census, FHL film #0552308, p. 7, Dwelling #45, Family #48.
xliv Florissant Valley Historical Quarterly, Vol.-18, #1, Apr 1976, p. 7.
xlv Missouri, St. Louis, Vital Records, Marriages, FHL film #0528179, Vol.-15, p. 19, 1871. NOTE: THE GROOMS SURNAME WAS ALSO SPELLED MEIER AND MAYER.
xlvi Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of Salem, Black Jack found at Concordia Historical Institute, 801 DeMun, St. Louis, MO, p. 79, entry #39, 1870 Marriage Records.
xlvii Missouri, St. Louis, County, St. Ferdinand Township, 1880 U.S. Census, NAR film #715, p. 11, SD-1, ED-178, Dwelling #99, Family #99.
xlviii Missouri, St. Louis County, Original Church Book of St. Petri Gemeinde found at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on Trampe RD, Book-1, Part-5, p. 151, entry under #38, 1883 Death Records.
xlix Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 14-15, 1875 Birth Records. NOTE: THE MOTHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLITT ON THIS BIRTH RECORD AND THE FATHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED MAYER.
l Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 16-17, 1878 Birth Records. NOTE: THE FATHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED MAYER ON THIS BIRTH RECORD.
li Ibid., Book-1, Part-5, p 150, entry #15, 1881 Death Records. NOTE: His burial date was not given nor the place of his burial.
lii Ibid., Book-1, Part-1, p. 20-21, entry #5, 1881 Birth Records. NOTE: THE MOTHER'S SURNAME WAS SPELLED GLIDT ON THIS BIRTH RECORD
liii Germany, Prussia, Westfalen, Herford, Evangelisch Münstergemeinde Church Records, FHL film #0473654, Vol.-15, entry #95, Stadt, 1851 Birth Records. NOTE: There are two filming of this birth record. The FHL film #1051678, entry #95, lists three sponsors for this child and the FHL film #0473654 version lists one sponsor.
liv Ibid., FHL film #0473677, Vol.-11, entry #70, Stadt, 1851 Death Records.
ALBERT HENRICH GLIED (1765-1818)